Saturday, 21 May 2011


Vehari District

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Vehari District
—  District  —
MMC International
Map of Punjab with Vehari District highlighted
Country Pakistan
 - District Nazim
 - District Naib Nazim
 - Total4,373 km2 (1,688.4 sq mi)
 - Total2,613,020
Time zonePST (UTC+5)
District Council
Vehari District (Urdu: ضلع وہاڑی) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan - the city of Vehari is the capital of the district. The district was created in 1976 out of the three tehsils of Multan District (Vehari, Burewala and Mailsi). The name Vehari means low lying settlement by a flood water channel. The district lies along the right bank of the river Sutlej which forms its southern boundary.



The district is located between 29°36′N 71°44′E / 29.6°N 71.733°E / 29.6; 71.733 and 30°22′N 72°53′E / 30.367°N 72.883°E / 30.367; 72.883 and borders with Bahawalnagar and Bahawalpur on the southern side, with Pakpattan on the eastern, with Khanewal and Lodhran on western and with Sahiwal and Khanewal on northern side.
The total area of the district is 4,364 square kilometres (1,685 sq mi). It is about 93 kilometres (58 mi) in length and approximately 47 kilometres (29 mi) in breadth and it is sloping gently from northeast to southwest. this city has three tehseels. 1- Vehari 2- Mailsee 3- Burewala
The district of Vehari is administratively subdivided into threetehsils these are:
  • Burewala
  • Mailsi
  • Vehari

Physical features

The district consists of plain area with fertile land. It is a part of Indus plain. It has the best cultivated land which is suitable for cotton, wheat and other agricultural crops. Vehari district lies Nili Bar which is between Ravi and Bias and Sutlej rivers. Its land is irrigated with the fertile water of Chenab and Ravi rivers. Vehari District has a big canal system with two canals namely Pakpatan and Mailsi canal. The total number of canals including their minors in the district are 19 with a total length of about 1,380.


The Bias River, or Beas River, is known locally as the Viyah. The old bed of the river is known as Sukh Bias. During heavy floods nominal water flow into the nullah. The stream enters Vehari district near Sheikh Fazal and joins Satluj River via Pakhi More and Pul. The path of the nullah has changed over the years; it currently joins Satluj River via Burewala.


Vehari District is the result of construction of the Pakpattan canal from Sulemanki Head Works on the Sutlej and the institution of Nili Bar colony project in 1925, so called because of the hints of blue in the water of the Sutlej. The ancient history of the district is obscure. The populated areas in ancient times was restricted to the banks of the river Sutlej where seasonal inundation permitted some cultivation. The rest of the area was a vast sandy scrap-land at best affording pastures itinerant herdsmen. The riparian tract formed the state of Fatehpur during the time of Akbar the Great. This was ruled by Fateh Khan of Joya family who founded and gave his name to the town of Fatehpur. Fatehpur is still in existence about 15 kilometres to the south of Mailsi and is the oldest town of Mailsi subdivision. It has some remains of archaeological value.
In May 2002, Vehari District was the scene of a shootout between members of the Sunni militant group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and local Shia villagers. LeJ members had come to a local village to stage an attack on a prominent local Shia, but were met with local armed resistance. In the ensuing shootout, all four LeJ members were killed, including their leader, Riaz Basra.


Punjabi is the first language of most of the people in the district. Saraiki and Urdu are also spoken.

Tribes and clans

The principal tribes of the district are the Rajpoot (generally known as Ranghar, who migrated from Haryana during 1947 and are settled in all parts of Pakistan but mostly in Punjab and Sindh), Khokhar, Arain, Dogar, Dhudhi, daultana, Daha, Gujar, Jat (both local & settler), Johiya, Khagga, Khichi, Khakwani, Kharal, Langrial, Manais, Syed, QureshiSuddiqe, Gasura Jatt, Wattu, and Kamlana
Subsequently, areas to the east of the above mentioned riparian tract were inhabited by Rain from Lahore and Khichi from Bikaner who founded Mailsi town. Mailsi is still much their preserve.


Mughal clan, living in Azad Kashmir and Rawalpindi division of Punjab. It is a major land holding tribe in Bagh District and Tehsil Abbaspur of the Poonch District and Tehsil Mendhar of District Poonch of Indian Jammu and Kashmir. The word "Maldyal" is derived from the name of Mirza Moloud Baig, Father of Maldyals and a great warrior of Poonch State.


Khokhar in Vehari, Lahore and Multan is the dominant caste. Khokhar, Bhatti, Khar, Kharal,meyany, Awan and Bara are associated castes and probably originated the name of five brothers. They trace their genealogy with Bahud Din Zakria, Qutab Shah and then back to Arab Quresh. These castes trace their links to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, through distinct genealogy. Prominent personalities of the Khokhar caste are Riaz Khokhar (Ex. Foreign Secretary), Haji Nawaz Khokhar (Ex. Deputy Speaker National Assembly Pakistan), Malik Zaheer Abbas Khokhar (Ex. Member of National Assembly, Pakistan), Justice (R) Fakhur un Nisa Khokhar and Malik Ahud Khkhar.


Malik is famous for business, religious, political and social activities. There is 90% hold in Karayana businees in bureala and medical business in Vehari. Malik are 95% belongs to business class families so they take a major role in business in District Vehari.


The tribe claims descent from Daha jats, who was said to be a Muslim holyman, who married the daughter of Parihar Rajput. They does claim kinship with the Bohar and Parhar Jats, who are also of Parihar Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Vehari, Khanewal,D G Khan,D I Khan,Faisalabad, Multan and Rajanpur districts. In Rajanpur District, their main village is Kotla Daha. In Muzaffargarh District, their main villages are Mahiwal Daha, Sardar Mohammed Daha, Mohammed Daha, Chak Ali Daha and Ali Daha.


According to some traditions, they are descendants from the group of Ummayad(Arab) soldiers from Areeha (Jericho, Palestine) who accompanied Muhammad bin Qasim and were called by their Arabic name "Areehai", which changed to Arain by the usage in local tongues.


A clan derived from Punwar, Dhuddis are rajputs (son of raja), their origin is from Rajputana (a state of Rajpoots).
The Dhuddi is one of the major clans of district Vehari, have influential socio-political relations with the district.


Khichi are a clan of Chauhan Rajputs, who came into the district from Bikaner in Rajasthan, India.The Khichi Tribe are known to be the one of the biggest Landlords of Pakistan, and proved to be the leading Agriculturists too. The Tribe owns more than 45,000 acres (180 km2) of Land(Irrigated). The Tribe has great political background of more than 60 years. Some personalities includes;

Gasura Rajput Jat

Gasura are a clan of Jat Rajputs, who came into the district from Bikaner in Rajasthan, India. Gusura arrived in Vehari (Multan) in 1890. The Gasura live in Basti Gud Gasuran Wali and other villages of Mailsi. The important village of Gussora is 65/KB which is near to luddan. its people are educated in that area. previous one and half decade proved gussora in these professions teaching enterprise devevelopment chartered accountants agricultur

 Joiya Daultana

The Joiya is tribe of ancient pedigree. The Daulatana clan has dominated the district's politics since 19th century.


They had come to Multan from Khugyani District in Nangarhar province. Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani was made the Nawab of Multan after the city came under the rule of the Durrani Empire.


Jats are split into two groups: those who lived in the district prior to the building of the canals and the start of colonization, and those who settled afterward, including refugees who came after 1947.


In sports, Vehari has produced many talents. It is famous in the field of hockey. Famous players in the history of the game include:
  • Waqar Younis, former Captain Pakistan Cricket Team and a very famous bowler and widely regarded as one of the best fast bowlers of all time.
  • Waseem Ahmed, ex Olympian and former captain of Pakistan National Hockey Team. He is one of the best left half produced by the world. He also got selected in World XI.
  • Saleem Sherwani, ex hockey Olympic champion and world hockey champion.
  • Sajjad Anwar International Player, represented Pakistan National Hockey Team.
  • Waqas Akbar, Olympian and currently representing Pakistan National Hockey.
  • Malik Kashif, currently representing Pakistan National Hockey.


It has best education facilities with different schools and colleges.University of Education (UE), Vehari campus was established on September 10, 2002, as the first specialized university in the field of Education in Pakistan. It is a rapidly growing institution for the promotion of knowledge, skills and research.

Divisional Public School, Vehari is working under the management of District Government, Vehari. The City School is also working efficiently and is named as the best primary educational institute of the city. There are also separate degree colleges for boys and girls.
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

CIIT Vehari Campus,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Vehari
has opened its campus at Vehari which is one of the best Universities in Pakistan ranked by HEC. The campus is located at Mailsi road off Multan road, adda Pir Murad. Currently CIIT Vehari is operating department of Management Science and department of Computer Science
Outreach Scholarship Program opened new ways of Educating the people in Punjab(Pakistan).
A prominent educationist from this region is Dr. Muhammad Zaman. He is a renowned sociologist, currently living in Germany. Zaman was a graduate of the University of Leipzig and the University of Punjab-Lahore in sociology. He was associated with Zentrums für Höhere Studien (ZHS), Research Academy Leipzig. He wrote on ‘BBC Urdu service as contact zone between the Urdu speaking migrants in Germany and people at home in Pakistan’.


The climate of the district is hot and dry. The summer season starts in April and continues until October. May, June, and July are the hottest months. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures for these months are about 47 and 28 degrees Celsius. Dry, hot, and dusty winds are common during summer. The winter season lasts from November to March. December, January and February are the coldest months. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures for this period are about 22 and 4 °C. Fog is very common during winter.
Most of the area's rain falls during the monsoon season from July to September. During winter season there is very little rain, however, deluges and floods can occur.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Burewala is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 30°05′N 72°25′E / 30.09°N 72.41°E / 30.09; 72.41Coordinates: 30°05′N 72°25′E / 30.09°N 72.41°E / 30.09; 72.41
Country Pakistan
Elevation133 m (436 ft)
Time zonePST (UTC+5)
Burewala (Urdu: بورے والا) is a city of Vehari District in southern Punjab, Pakistan. It is located at 30°10'0N 72°39'0E and has an altitude of 133 metres (439 feet).[1] According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Burewala had about 150,000 people.[2] As of 2000, it is the 31st biggest city in Pakistan by population.[3] The city of Burewala is the headquarters of Burewala Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district.[4] It is located 1035 km away from Karachi, 187 km from Faisalabad, 208 km from Lahore, 135 km from Multan, 35 km from Vehari. 40 km from Arifwala,75 km from Pakpattan and 103 km from Bahawalpur.

Digital Map of Burewala, Pakistan



Burewala is situated on the Dehli Multan Road. Sutlej River crosses Burewala near the towns Jamlera and Sahuka. Shrine of Hazrat Baba Haji Sher Dewan Chawli Mashaikh is also situated in Dewan Sahib at a distance of 18 km. from Burewala. In the very beginning it was just a jungle which was 'humanized' by local tribes called "Langrial". When the Pakpattan canal operating in this area, people started to settle in villages as agriculture developed, resulting in jungles being cut to make way for cultivation fields. As this area was in 'Eastern Canal Division' so it was named village no. 122/EB (EB = Eastern Bar). In the northern side of Burewala, there are still signs of an old water canal which is now called Sukh Bias.[5] It is 35 km east of District Capital Vehari on main Dehli Multan Road. Burewala is the second biggest tehsil of Punjab.


The exact origin of Burewala's name is unknown; however, there are different theories. One theory is that the city is named after a person named "Burha." He was, according to some people, 'Sikh'. The village is also called "Old Bura" or "Purana Boora." The people of this villages constructed a well with a diameter of 8 feet and named it after their ancestor so it was called "Chah Boorhay wala" (Well of Burha). This well is now included in the P.I. Link canal. Due to this well the new city was named Burewala. In July 1976, Burewala was upgraded as a subdivision. The areas of Gaggoo, Jamlera, Sahuka and Sheikh Fazal were included in the subdivision.

 City facts

Burewala has approximately 188,986 inhabitants (2006). It is situated about 35 km from Vehari District and 135 km east of historical city of Multan.
Burewala has the first shrine of Hazrat Baba Haji Sher Dewan, who was one of the earliest Muslim saints in the subcontinent. In sports, World renowned fast bowler of Pakistan cricket team, Waqar Younis is from Burewala and is dubbed as "Burewala Express."[6]

Waqar Younis
Burewala is known for the invention of three wheel motor-bike rickshaw known as "Chandgari."[citation needed] Asia's largest Textile industry was in the city of Burewala, which is own by Daud Group of Industries called (BTM) Burewala Textile Mills, which is now known as Lawrencepur Limited. Burewala also has shopping bazaars and plazas. City Center is an addition in the city to match the life style of the people living here. Burewala is surrounded by boundaries of few industrial and agricultural cities (e.g. Vehari, Arifwala, Chichawatni, Hasilpur, Chishtian). Burewala has a large telephone exchange located on the Burewala-Multan Road near Lari Adda.[citation needed] Along with this is Pakistan's largest technical college on tehsil bases situated in 507/EB. Tufail Muhammad Shaheed resided in Burewala.[citation needed]
Nilli Bar Agriculture Research Institute was inaugurated in the middle of 2009 for the growth of agriculture and related fields under the guidance of Pakistan Agriculture Research Council(PARC) and its development is on the way.


Burewala has an all seasonal grain market in the area and it is a major business centre. Other business activities include 7 Flour Mills, 50+ rice mills, 50+ cotton ginning factories and about 250+ oil mills and an extensively growing network of rice husking/processing mills, cotton ginneries & flour mills.[citation needed] It is Pakistan's second largest cotton-seed-cake producing city (after Rahim Yar Khan).[citation needed] Dawood Lawrencepur Limited (formerly known as Burewala Textile Mills Limited) is also located in the city with an installed ring spinning capacity of 216,000 spindles (the unit production was stopped by the group management due to some un-avoidable circumstances in 2008). Three PVC products factories are also situated in the city.

 Government Tehsil Municipal Administration

Burewala and Vehari were declared as Mandi's in 1925 and Railway station were established and it was named as "Mandi Burewala" and in 1927 Secretary Government of Punjab Ram Chand declared it "Notified Area Committee" and Mr. Vas, CIS was its first administrator. In 1935, Chaudhary Ata Ullah was elected as the head of the Grand Girga, overlooking social and legal problems of the area. The Government of the Punjab on 27 August 1957 upgraded "Notified Area Committee" to 2nd Class "Municipal Committee" and Mr. Faiz Kareem was named its first Chairman. According to 2000 local bodies system Burewala Municipal Committee became "Tehsil Municipal Administration".

 Political division

Burewala has two national assembly and four provincial assemblies seat. NA-167 and NA-168 seats.However; NA-168 is shared by both Vehari and Burewala sub-divisions. NA-167 Burewala consists of Burewala, Gaggo mandi urban and rural areas while NA-168 shares Burewala and Vehari sub-divisions most of the rural areas and it includes 3-R Qannogo block of Burewala, Machiwal, Luddan, Sahuka towns. Provincial Assembly four seats in the Burewala sub-division includes PP-232, Gaggo Mandi urban & rural, PP-233 Burewala City urban and rural, PP-234 Sahuka rural, PP-235 Machiwal and also two seats shared by both Vehari and Burewala sub-divisions. There is also a seat for the sadar of the grain market. The first sadar who was first selected without an election was Tariq Mahmood Ghumman.
Burewala is also known for its volunteers and their humanitarian work apolitically.[citation needed] There are seventeen registered NGOs in the area and thousands of volunteers. World Life Organization planted 100,000 hardwood trees under, "Green Vehari Initiative 2009" in one day on the August 14, 2009. Ch. Usman Ali gathered 15 NGOs and over a thousand volunteers for this event.

 Shrine of Baba Haji Sher Dewan

The Shrine of Baba Haji Sher Dewan is the first shrine of sub-continent Indo-Pak.[citation needed] It is situated here some 17 kilometers away from Burewala, located in Chak No. 317 EB, on the Burewala-Sahuka road. Hazrat Baba Haji Sher Muhammad Dewan Chawali Mashaikh is the saint of early years of the establishment of Islam. The place has a rich spiritual significance in the area. Tapasthan Baba Guru Nanak Dev is also situated there where Baba Guru Nanak performed Taphasya. The present Sajjada Nasheen is Peer Gulzar Hussain Shah Sahib.


Some institutes of Burewala are:
  • Allied Public School
  • The City College of Commerce, Burewala
  • The City School
  • Crescent Model High school
  • D.P.S (divisional public School)
  • Fatima Jinnah Girls High School
  • Govt. Degree College Burewala
  • Govt. College for Women
  • Govt. College of Commerce
  • Govt. Girls High School
  • Govt. High School No. 2
  • Govt. M.C Model High School
  • Govt. Poly Technical College
  • International Public School Green View Burewala
  • Jinnah Model School
  • Mariam College for Women
  • New Beacon House
  • Nilli Bar Agriculture Research Institute
  • Prime Model Public School
  • Punjab Cadet School
  • Punjab college Burewala branch
  • Tabindah Model High School
  • University of Southern Punjab
  • Virtual University Campus' (Burewala college of modern sciences, and RIMS)
  • Yaseen Memorial public girls high school
  • Tameer-e-Millat Model High School Lahore Road


Mailsi is a city in the Central (Pakistan) of Multan region,Pakistan.[4] It is located at 29°48'1N 72°10'33E at an altitude of 126 m (416 ft).[5]
It was the biggest tehsil of Multan District and two districts Lodhran and Vehari were carved out by taking land of Mailsi in 19th and 20th centuries. Vehari which is now district was sub-tehsil of Mailsi. Mailsi is famous for Jhandhir Library and Siphon at Sutlej river. Mailsi Siphon was constructed by Gamon construction company on 1964 is splendid piece of construction to contol water to manage between Sutlej river and Sindhnai link canal during flood.
Mailsi is municipality and also one of Tehsil Headquarters of District Vehari. The city's center is its most oldest part which consist of muhallas, koochas and bazaars having very narrow streets situated inside the circular road. Before partition of 1947 this part of the city was populated by Hindu merchants and landlords. There were some buildings of historic significance in the city which are mostly demolished, but few still exist like a very beautiful well " chasma baoli" built by a Chaudry Balik Ram Jugga however now this place is very much in deteriorated condition. 19th century's Mailsi tehsil office building is glimpse of English architecture but due to lack of maintenance it is in critical condition. Shrine of Syed Nathey Shah Gardezi is many hundred years old where people pay visits and an annual festival (meela) is held at this shrine. Tahseel bazaar, pipal bazaar, pakka bazaar, faddah bazaar, thana bazaar are situated in the old part of the city while Quaid e Azam (old Saleem Akhtar Road), Multan Road, Allama Iqbal Road (colony road) are glimpse of city expansion in the last few decades. The city is expended in area and size of population has increased substantially. First modern area was developed in 1960s for meeting the housing needs of Gamon company's European workers and engineers and this area is now Mailsi Garrison housing Pak army air defence units. Before partition in Mailsi city there were two cotton ginning factories (1. Roberts Cotton Factory 2. Ram Narayen Bholanath Cotton Factory) except this there was no major industry however increase in cultivated area resulted high production of cotton which led to establishment of many cotton ginning factories and oil mills.
Mailsi is situated on Lahore-Pakpattan and Bahawalpure-Karachi sections of railway line.